Learn about architectural floor plans.

What are floor plans?

Floor plans are representations of an architectural design, either in a 2D form of lines, or a 3D form of graphics. The 2D form is a technical drawing to scale. Floor plans usually show the location of walls, windows, doors, stairs, and fixed equipment such as bathroom fixtures, kitchen cabinets, and appliances. They may sometimes show the dimensions and spaces between rooms, allowing for easy planning for physical features. Floor plans make it easier to assess whether a space is suitable for your purpose and to solve potential challenges and redesign before proceeding to a more complex planning or construction phase. It can also be fun to experiment with different design options and circular flows that show how people move through space.


A floor plan is an important part of project communication for interior designers.

The 2D Floor Plan can be used to mark everything from room names, measurements, lighting and electrical points, and important notes you need during the installation process.

Likewise, the 3D Floor Plan is a beautiful way to visualize how the final result can look. This helps clients make decisions and is helpful to the contractor so he or she gets an idea of what the final result should look like. 3D Floor Plans can be made complete with details like colours of walls, furniture, and accessories, as well as furnishing style and finishes.

Firstly, you as a homeowner can utilise 3D Floor Plans to see what your new renovations will look like. Secondly, you can design your new dream home and have it brought to light in an amazing fashion before the development has begun.

Similarly, to the others, Estate Agents use Floor Plans in their work because they can show the properties they are trying to sell quickly and easily.

  • Architectural Floor plan Ground 1
  • Architectural Floor plan lower ground

Likewise, Architects are one of the biggest users of Architectural Visualization. This is because it helps key decision makers understand the idea and view of the Architects mind, we all know images speak louder than words. Most importantly, 3D Rendering is the key to easy planning permission and a sure way to win your next job.

Property Developers are another big user of 3D Floor Plans. This is because using floor plans of buildings that have not yet been built help make sales much faster. For example, in a sales advert

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Rowley Road Ground 3D Floor Plan
Rowley Road First Floor 3D Plan


Most importantly, visualising a space is much easier from pictures rather than words. As such an important part of any project, 3D floor plans are a beautiful way to communicate the space. Allowing the viewer to see the colours of walls and floors.

Floor plans are quick and easy. They are the cheapest way to display your architecture.

Moreover, 3D Floor Plans offers the ability to visualize many different concepts and options for any project. For example, this can include different materials, shapes, and textures of buildings. That is to say, 3D Floor Plans can quickly and effectively show invested parties what all the different options will look like.

With either 2D or 3D plans, designs are built on computers and not just on paper, we can easily visualise the idea, using actual CAD data and being able to spot potential issues within the construction of the project.

By using stunning 3D imagery to show your clients what the real deal will look like before it is built, you can easily close your sales. Increasing cash flow.



Firstly, we begin any 2D or 3D architectural floor plan by measuring the space. Make sure to take the measurements 3 times to be sure they are correct. Things that should be measured are walls most importantly and windows and doors. Also, depending on the desired outcome, electrical outlets or other permanent fixtures might also need measuring.


Floor plans should be drawn to the correct scale in your CAD software. To fit on the drawing or image, they should be scaled correctly. If a 2D floor plan is the desired outcome, then the scale should be noted on the drawing border.


When the desired outcome is a 3D floor plan, rendering should take place after materials and lighting are added to the scene.

IKEA Hammersmith First Floor 3D Floor Plan

XO3D have worked on a couple different projects for us (a property development company) and my colleagues and I have been extremely impressed and happy with their work. Throughout the creation process, Alex Mann at XO3D was extremely responsive and adaptable to ensure our design needs were met. The final product has always been of the highest quality and really brings to life the architectural drawings with precise attention to detail. 100% would recommend.

Seb – 

Director  – Impact Capital Group



    With a diverse team of artists, designers and 3D modellers. We have the perfect experience for any creative project to bring your ideas to life.


    Ensuring the smoothest process. We deliver quality work on time.


    Through our experience in workflow optimisation, we can give you the discounts and give you more bang for you bucks.


    At Xo3D, the best creative minds tailor your project to bring your products to light in amazing fashion.


    Xo3D drives by technology and continually seeks solutions to improve our workflow. From the latest software and hardware, to different strategies to complete projects faster with constant improvements on quality.


    We pride ourselves in communication and customer service. Throughout your project there will be constant updates of how we are getting on with your images. We are always at the end of a email or phone call.

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IKEA Hammersmith Ground 3D Floor Plan


For example, below we have presented a range of different product renderings that are usually combined into a package of well thought out product renders. To sum up they show all the products fine features. Below, we explain the different types of product shots.

2D Floor Plans

A 2D floor plan is a diagram that indicates the format of an area from above along with the partitions and rooms. A 2D ground plan is a “flat” drawing, without attitude or depth. A 2D ground plan may be a sketch, a blueprint or a computerised drawing.

2D Floor Plan Example

3D Floor Plans

A 3D floor plan is a 3D view of a house or plot. 3D means that the floor plan shows perspective and elevation. Unlike 2D floor plans, 3D floor plans contain details to help you understand the space. Although they can be taken from a 3D perspective, they are also widely used from a birds-eye view as you can see in our example on the right.

  • Architectural 3D floor plan
  • 3D Floor Plan Perspective View


Depending on the desired outcome, either 2D or 3D. Plans begin at £50. This does not include measuring of properties.

We are either given dimensions from our customers to create the floor plans from, or we will send someone there to measure up the property. Once we have the dimensions, the plans are drawn in CAD and produced in either 2D or 3D format.